Brown bear facts
Brown bears live in north-west North America, Europe and northern Asia. The global bear population has more than 200,000 individuals, with the largest populations in Russia, Alaska and Canada.
The brown bear’s distinguishing characteristics are its large head with small eyes and ears, and the hump around its shoulders. Its fur is thick and colours vary from light to dark brown.
It is normally around 1.7 to 2.8 metres long, from the nose to the base of the tail, and its withers are around 90 to 150 centimetres tall. Its weight varies greatly: males are often 100–300 kg, females 60–200 kg.
It is omnivorous, eating meat and plants. Bears eat plants, grass, fruit, insects, prey and cadavers. Berries comprise almost half of their total food over the year and ants one-fifth.
Bears mate in the late spring, and every other year the female bear has one to four cubs that weigh from 400 g to 2 kg when they are born.
In Sweden, bears may only be hunted from 21 August to 15 October, or until the set number of bears have been killed.